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The regulation of medical devices is specific to each country. Currently different versions of Stethophone are recognized as a medical device in the USA and Ukraine. This means that Stethophone is available for residence of these countries. We are working on offering Stethophone in more countries in the future.

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Understanding Cardiovascular Disease
Feb 18, 2022

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a term used to describe a class of conditions that affect the heart and blood vessels.

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a term used to describe a class of conditions that affect the heart and blood vessels. It encompasses a range of disorders, including coronary artery disease, heart failure, stroke, and peripheral artery disease. CVD is a significant global health challenge, being one of the leading causes of death and disability worldwide.

Types and Causes of Cardiovascular Disease:

Cardiovascular diseases are most frequently a result of the accumulation of fatty deposits, cholesterol, and other substances in the arteries, a process known as atherosclerosis. This buildup restricts blood flow to the heart and other organs, increasing the risk of various complications. Some common types of CVD include:

  • Coronary Artery Disease (CAD): This occurs when the arteries that supply blood to the heart muscle become narrowed or blocked, often leading to chest pain (angina) or heart attacks.

  • Stroke: A stroke happens when there’s a disruption of blood supply to the brain, resulting in brain damage. Ischemic strokes are caused by blocked blood vessels, while hemorrhagic strokes result from bleeding in the brain.

  • Heart Failure: Heart failure doesn’t mean the heart has stopped beating; rather, it indicates that the heart isn’t pumping blood as effectively as it should, causing fatigue, breathlessness, and fluid retention.

  • Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD): PAD occurs when there’s a narrowing of blood vessels in the limbs, usually the legs, leading to reduced blood flow and potentially causing pain and difficulty walking.

Cardiovascular disease has a profound impact on public health globally. According to the World Health Organization (WHO):

  • Leading Cause of Death: Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death worldwide, accounting for an estimated 17.9 million deaths each year.

  • Economic Burden: CVD places a significant economic burden on societies through healthcare costs, lost productivity, and premature deaths.

  • Geographic Variation: While CVD affects people of all ages and regions, its prevalence varies. Low- and middle-income countries often experience a higher burden of CVD due to factors such as urbanization, unhealthy diets, lack of physical activity, and limited access to healthcare.

  • Lifestyle Factors: Unhealthy lifestyle choices, including tobacco use, unhealthy diet, physical inactivity, and excessive alcohol consumption, greatly contribute to the development of CVD.

While cardiovascular diseases are widespread, they are also largely preventable. Lifestyle modifications play a pivotal role in reducing the risk:

  • Healthy Diet: Adopting a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and healthy fats can help reduce the risk of CVD.

  • Regular Exercise: Engaging in regular physical activity can improve heart health, lower blood pressure, and maintain a healthy weight.

  • Avoiding Tobacco: Quitting smoking significantly reduces the risk of CVD and other health problems.

  • Managing Chronic Conditions: Controlling conditions like diabetes, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol is crucial for preventing CVD.

Early Detection: Routine medical check-ups can help detect risk factors early and enable timely intervention. People with a family history of CVD or otherwise considered to be at risk, need to take an active role in their own health: Keep a record of symptoms and share them with the doctor, understand what tests may be ordered and what they mean, always ask questions. 

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